What Is Endometrial Cancer?
Endometrial cancer is a type of cancer that affects the lining of the uterus, called the endometrium. It is also known as uterine cancer or cancer of the uterus.
The exact cause of endometrial cancer is not known, but it is thought to develop when the cells in the endometrium start to grow and divide uncontrollably. This can lead to the formation of a tumor, which can spread to other parts of the body if left untreated.
Endometrial cancer is the most common type of gynecological cancer in women and typically occurs after menopause. However, it can also affect younger women, particularly those who have a family history of the disease, are obese or have certain medical conditions such as diabetes, polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), or Lynch syndrome (a genetic condition that increases the risk of certain cancers).
Symptoms of endometrial cancer may include abnormal vaginal bleeding or discharge, pelvic pain, or pain during sex. However, some women may not experience any symptoms until the cancer has advanced.
Endometrial cancer is typically diagnosed through a biopsy, which involves removing a small sample of tissue from the lining of the uterus for examination under a microscope. Treatment may include surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, or a combination of these approaches, depending on the stage and extent of the cancer.