What is a Hysterectomy?
A hysterectomy is a surgical procedure that involves the removal of the uterus. In some cases, the ovaries, fallopian tubes, and cervix may also be removed during the procedure.
Hysterectomies are performed for a variety of reasons, including:
- Uterine fibroids
- Uterine prolapse
- Abnormal vaginal bleeding
- Chronic pelvic pain
- Gynecologic cancers
Kinds of Hysterectomies
- Total hysterectomy: This procedure involves the removal of the entire uterus, including the cervix.
- Partial hysterectomy: Also called subtotal or supracervical hysterectomy, this procedure involves the removal of the upper part of the uterus, while leaving the cervix in place.
- Radical hysterectomy: This type of hysterectomy is typically performed for the treatment of gynecological cancer. It involves the removal of the entire uterus, cervix, and the upper part of the vagina, as well as the surrounding lymph nodes and tissue.
- Laparoscopic hysterectomy: This procedure is a minimally invasive approach to hysterectomy, which involves making several small incisions in the abdomen to remove the uterus.
- Vaginal hysterectomy: This type of hysterectomy is performed through the vagina, without any external incisions.
- Robotic-assisted hysterectomy: This is a type of laparoscopic hysterectomy that is performed using a robotic system to control the surgical instruments.
The specific type of hysterectomy recommended will depend on the individual’s medical condition, age, and overall health.